Learning at Sheringham Museum
Welcome to Sheringham Museum, we hope to intrigue and inspire you!
As you may already know, Sheringham has a history going back a very long way. Some of the objects in our collection are many thousnds of years old, but the important growth in the town’s history has occurred in the last two centuries.
We have some pages here to introduce you to aspects of life in the town over those two hundred years. First, we have a few suggestions for you on how to look at the information and ask the sorts of questions that – when you have the answers – give you a better understanding of the subject. In other words, become a ‘museum detective’! Boatbuilding and the fishing industry are obvious subjects to be covered but we are not ignoring those prehistoric periods. Join geologist Martin Warren and travel back in time to discover the secrets of the cliffs, investigate fossils on the beach and learn more about flints and the chalk reef.
We are working to broaden the range of topics available to you, so we suggest you return regularly to these pages.
Be a Museum Detective
Boat building in Sheringham
Tales of the sea
Deep History Coast
Forms of renewable energy
Renewable Energy is energy we can collect from around us without destroying our environment. We can collect energy from the wind, from sunlight and from flowing water.
Let’s find out more about each of these.
How does a turbine work?
A wind turbine is a very complicated piece of machinery. It has more than 8000 parts. How do you build such a big and complicated piece of machinery out at sea. Well it’s a bit like building a model from a kit. There are four main sections that need to be transported out to sea.
- The base (seat)
- The tower sections
- The nacelle (casing) which holds the generator
- The turbine blades
When all the parts get to the right place, special ships which can raise themselves out of the water are used to provide a platform where all the pieces can be put together.
Once in place the turbine is tested and when it goes into production green energy is made.
Click on the image to the right to make it larger.
Think about all the ways that you use electricity in a day from the moment that you get up and switch on a light to powering your television, computer, mobile phone, washing machine, kettle and perhaps your car.
If you’d like to find out more then come along to the Wind Farm Room Sheringham Museum!
Find out more!
If you would like to find out more about the Sheringham Shoal you can come along to the Sheringham Museum where we have a ‘Wind Farm Room’.
You can watch videos that explain more about how the wind turbines are built out at sea, how they work and how wind energy has been an important sustainable resource for hundreds of years in Norfolk.
- The blades turn. Did you know that the blades can rotate in their sockets to suit the windspeed?
- The hub spins and as the shaft turns energy is transferred to the gearbox
- The gearbox uses cogs to increase the speed of a magnet which spins inside a coil of wire and this generates the electricity
- Each of the turbines on the Sheringham Shoal is connected to a power cable which comes ashore at Weybourne
- The power then travels 21.6 km along an underground cable to a substation at Salle, near to Cawston, then down to Norwich and eventually to the National Grid
Sheringham Shoal – Fascinating Facts
The 317MW (mega watt) Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm is:
- Between 17 and 23 kilometres off the coast of North Norfolk
- Covers an area of approximately 35 square kilometres
- There are currently 88 wind turbines
- The turbines generate around 1.1 TWh (terrawatt hours) of green energy every year
- They provide enough clean energy to power almost 220,000 British homes
- Turbine blade length 52m (170 feet)
- Turbine tower height 80m (262 feet)
Electricity can be made from another natural resource – the sun! The sun’s light can be captured by solar cells to make electricity. The sun shines on the solar panel and the cells in the panel turn that light into electricity.
There are solar panels all around Sheringham. They are on house roofs and even in some fields. The big solar installations in the fields are called ‘solar farms’ and they make electricity that goes into the National Grid.
Water can be used in a variety of ways to make electricity. There’s hydroelectric power where power is produced with moving water. Many of the UK’s hydroelectric power stations are in Scotland and Wales.
They work by releasing fast flowing water from a dam high above the turbines. The water flows down through pipes and turns turbine blades, similar to the turbines at the Sheringham Shoal.
As the blades spin they generate electricity. It is a good renewable way of making power.
The dam at Cruachan Power Station
Cruachan Reservoir, James Hearton, CC BY-SA 2.0
The sea is an amazing resource and as the tides come in and out we can use the power of the sea to generate electricity.
This can be done in three ways. Tidal streams, barrages and tidal lagoons.
The picture here is the most powerful tidal turbine in the sea near Orkney. It’s called the Orbital O2 and it should be able to provide electricity for 2000 homes for the next 15 years.
Why don’t you do some investigating to find out more about tidal power, solar power and wind power?
Green energy is our future.
Make a windmill
To make a windmill you will need:
- A paper straw
- A glue stick
- Two tiny balls of Blu tack
- An ordinary paper clip
- A 16cm square of coloured paper
Let’s get started!
- Fold your 16 cm square diagonally corner to corner – this will make it look like a triangle. Then do it again folding from the other corner.
- Unfold your square and you will see that the creases in the paper look like an X
- Cut half way along the 4 fold marks
- Fold each point into the centre of your square and glue it in place
- Now take your straw and carefully cut two tiny circles from the end of the straw. Push these into the Blu tack. These are going to make spacers so that your windmill will spin.
- Now take your paper clip and unfold one arm of the paperclip so that it stick out. Now place the clip into the straw.
- Next you put on your first spacer
- Carefully make a small hole in the centre of your windmill with the tip of your scissors. You can get a grown up to help you.
- Put your windmill onto the paperclip and then put on the last spacer so that the point of the paperclip is covered safely.
- Now you’ve made your windmill it’s time to take it outside in the breeze for a spin